Scientists have come very close to knowing how we understand the language spoken fast during any person's conversation. Scientists say that a huge and complex group of computations (computations) help us in this process. In a recently published study in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers at the University of Cambridge have developed a novel computational model that allows researchers to test the meaning of words directly in volunteers' brains with real-time brain activity.
Lauren Tyler, director and head of research at the University of Cambridge's Center for Speech, Language and Brain Department, says that our ability to put words in their context is determined by other words around them. It is an immediate process that our brain understands fast and transmits the message to us. This is a process in our brain that we have not yet fully understood. If we are able to convert it into a computer program then it can eliminate all our technical language problems.
This characteristic of the brain to react according to any language by understanding it is called 'Semantic Composition'. In this process our brain combines the heard words and their meanings into one sentence to compare and react with the words already stored in the memory box of the brain. All this happens in less than milliseconds. This new study has revealed the detailed real-time processes going on inside the brain, which makes it possible for us to understand and respond to something.
Researchers can also track this dynamic pattern of information flow between important language areas present in the brain. As soon as we hear a word, the 'Semantic Composition' compels the brain to interpret the next word in this sentence. According to Professor Tyler, our brain repeats this process over and over again and enables us to understand various words about what someone is saying.
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