Indian astronomer who played an important role in NASA's sun mission

The sun has always been a curiosity for human civilization. Last year, the US space agency NASA sent the first solar mission Parker Solar Probe mission to the sun, making history. An Indian female astronomer Madhulika Guhathakurta played the most important role in the success of this mission. Born in Kolkata and studying in Mumbai, Delhi and Colorado, Madhulika holds a master's degree in astronomy from the University of Delhi and a PhD from the University of Denver. He has led NASA's ambitious project Living with the Stars for 15 years. The purpose of this project was to increase the understanding of solar change and to predict it, study the earth, human technology and its impact on astronauts. This project also led to another initiative called 'International Living with Stars'. Gone. This led space agencies around the world to come together and work for the scientific goal of understanding the weather of space. Madhulika chaired the group for four years and is still a member of its Steering Committee. She is 'Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (Sterio),' Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO), Wayne Allen Probs, Solar Orbiter, Gaya Parker. She has been a program scientist in Solar Probe and other NASA space missions. She is also a spokeswoman for NASA's Heliophysics Division. He has also written graduate level books about this new field. It can be called a mixed form of astrophysics and meteorology. Madhulika's research also involves studying the corona, the outermost surface of the Sun, with its effect on Earth, considering the Sun to be a star.Life spent in studying sunMadhulika says that she chose to study the sun at graduation because it is the only star that can be studied in detail. The purpose of his personal research was to find out the areas where solar wind and coronal mass ejections originated and to understand their moving between different planets. The energetic particles born due to solar wind and coronal mass ejection are the cause of weather on other planets including space and earth. It directly affects the Earth and larger planets. This is the theme of NASA's Living with Star program. She says that when I thought about the solar probe mission, there was absolutely no hope that one day I would turn this mission into a reality. As a research scientist, I joined five Spartan 201 missions of the Space Shuttle to study the radiation of white light and ultraviolet rays from the Earth into the Solar Corona. Apart from this, I was also involved in expeditions to study the eight eclipses.Uncovered aspects of space exposedMadhulika worked as an astronomer at NASA since 1998. During this time he got a chance to work as a scientist, mission designer, equipment manufacturer, directing and managing science programs, teacher and mission and vision spokesperson of Heliophysics Division. We showed some pictures that no one else had, telling us about the Living with a Star program. I also helped create two main shows involving the planetarium, Cosmic Collision and Journey to the Stars. He also helped prepare 3D Sun, a Planetarium show made on 3D IMAX and stereo missions. These shows are running all over the world. These children, ordinary people, the elderly are getting a chance to understand and learn about the space, which they may not get from anywhere else. She became the first program scientist of Living with a Star in the year 2001 and held the post till 2016. She is now working at NASA's Silicon Valley Research Center. The Living with a Star program was important because the scope of the study extends to the distance (150 million kilometers) between the Earth and the Sun. This includes studies of atoms to stars. Understanding the changes in cosmic rays and solar energy particles, understanding the relationship of sun and climate to how electromagnetic radiation and solar energy particles affect the thermosphere, mesosphere, upper atmosphere, and Earth's climate. In addition, it predicts the conditions of the Earth's radiation strip from where spacecraft often go. This makes it possible to estimate the impact of SWX on the Earth's upper atmosphere, which is very important in terms of the safety of satellites and navigation such as GPS. She is also working on another mission involving heliophysics. In addition, Madhulika is also working in partnership with the European Space Agency to design and launch a solar orbiter that will monitor solar activities from the equatorial line of the Sun.Made solar mission a successThe Parker Solar Probe is a historical mission as it seeks to find answers to many fundamental physics questions. These mainly include why our star's atmosphere is thousands of times hotter than their surface, why solar winds move which affect the Earth and our solar system. We have been struggling with such questions for decades and hope that this mission will give us the answers to these questions. Madhulika, who has been thinking about the Solar Probe Mission since 1983, said that since 2001 when she got the responsibility of the LWS program, she also took the responsibility of the program scientist of this mission. As a program scientist of the mission, he played a key role in making it a success. He has also produced five books on heliophysics for a new generation of scientists. This forms the basis for a new research area of ​​comparative heliophysics. Madhulika believes that as humans or robots made by us grow in the solar system, then we will need to have such an attitude and understanding so that we can understand the place where we think to go and also estimate the dangers associated with it. Like how the weather will be on Titan today or how the solar storm will affect the snowy region of Europe or which satellite will be safe to land on. Solar probe missions will help in understanding the radiation environment in which future space inventors have to work and live. Madhulika says that due to missions like solar probes, one day man will not only become a resident of the earth but he will be able to reach remote space. . (tagsToTranslate) Indian scientist (t) indian-american (t) nasa (t) solar projects (t) US space agency NASA (t) Science and Tech News (t) Science and Tech News in Hindi (t) Science and Technology News (t) Science and Tech Samachar (t) Science and Tech News

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